Two agricultural fields near the middle Bronze Age settlement of Telgte were excavated and have been recreated here with typical Bronze Age plants being grown.
Archaeologists and researchers were able to identify which plants were typical for the Bronze Age from carbonised grains recovered, as well as finding imprints of the plants in clay in the fields of settlements.
The main sources of energy were from naked barley, multiline barley, common wheat, emmer, einkorn wheat, spelt and millet.
Fields would need to be prepared before use as agricultural land with, depending on tools available, hoe’s made from deer antler or wood or with a wooden plough pulled by cattle or horses. Harvesting the grains would have been done using sickles made from wood or deer antler with flints attached. This changed during the late Bronze Age as blades made from bronze were used over those made of flint.
Grains were not the only food cultivated during this period, vegetables such as the broad bean, pea, kale, lentil and carrots were grown and eaten for nourishment. In addition to this, opium poppy was used for oil extraction and flax for the production of textiles.
Here in our museum, einkorn wheat, barley, millet, summer rye, wheat, poppy and broad beans are grown to give an insight into Bronze Age agriculture.
The broad bean was the most important plant due to its richness in calories.