The reconstructed house was surrounded by a settlement of trapezoidal houses, which was enclosed by palisades. The design principle was very simple in comparison to today’s standards: the ridge and eaves purlins are oriented in the main wind direction and inlaid in split beams. The gap-plank-wall has the important role of carrying the houses’ weight.
The construction was simple but effective because it not only saved a lot of wood, but it was mainly to protect against a storm.
The buildings of the Rössener Culture reached enormous dimensions, the longest measured house was 67 meters, in Westphalia.
Excavation of the settlement plan in Inden:
The layout plan of houses include more than one generation of houses, which means that house 9 was not a single standing house.
Rhine Brown coal mining region, Inden (house 9), County of Düren, Neolithic, Rössener Culture, 4350 BC
Fences, Hedges, and Palisades:
The earliest examples of sedentism (settling down) of humans has been characterized by building fences and palisades around the houses. Excavations have documented traces of different kinds of borders such as ramparts, ditches, palisades, billet-fences, wattle fences or hedges.
The functions were varied: they mostly served as protection for humans and livestock, but could also be to protect the household against the wilderness. Fields and plots should be protected from the mostly free-range cattle and wild animals.
During the walking tour you can see different kind of fences.